Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/245913
Authors: 
Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth
Lancee, Bram
Larsen, Edvard Nergård
Polavieja, Javier G.
Radl, Jonas
Yemane, Ruta
Year of Publication: 
2022
Citation: 
[Journal:] European Sociological Review [ISSN:] 1468-2672 [Publisher:] Oxford University Press [Place:] Oxford [Volume:] 38 [Year:] 2022 [Issue:] 3 [Pages:] 337-354
Publisher: 
Oxford University Press, Oxford
Abstract: 
Gender discrimination is often regarded as an important driver of women’s disadvantage in the labour market, yet earlier studies show mixed results. However, because different studies employ different research designs, the estimates of discrimination cannot be compared across countries. By utilizing data from the first harmonized comparative field experiment on gender discrimination in hiring in six countries, we can directly compare employers’ callbacks to fictitious male and female applicants. The countries included vary in a number of key institutional, economic, and cultural dimensions, yet we found no sign of discrimination against women. This cross-national finding constitutes an important and robust piece of evidence. Second, we found discrimination against men in Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, and the UK, and no discrimination against men in Norway and the United States. However, in the pooled data the gender gradient hardly differs across countries. Our findings suggest that although employers operate in quite different institutional contexts, they regard female applicants as more suitable for jobs in female-dominated occupations, ceteris paribus, while we find no evidence that they regard male applicants as more suitable anywhere.
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Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version

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