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Calthrop, Edward
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CESifo Working Paper No. 566
Evidence suggests that a considerable proportion of peak period trips aremade for purposes other than commuting to or from work.given the differentdegrees of Hicksian complementarity with the labour market, optimal taxtheory suggests that, in a second-best world, different trip purposes shouldbe taxed at different rates. This paper explores this issue and argues for auniform congestion toll (independent of trip-purpose) combined with asubsidy to auto-commuters. A numerical model suggests that while, in theabsence of congestion tolls, commuting subsidies are welfare decreasing, anoptimal pricing scheme entails auto-commuters receiving a subsidy of nearly50 percent of the uniform road toll.
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Working Paper

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