Neundorf, Anja Gerschewski, Johannes Olar, Roman-Gabriel
Year of Publication:
[Journal:] Comparative Political Studies [ISSN:] 1552-3829 [Publisher:] Sage [Place:] Thousand Oaks, CA [Volume:] 53 [Year:] 2020 [Issue:] 12 [Pages:] 1890-1925
We propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary autocratic ruling strategies and develop novel theoretical propositions on the legacy that these strategies leave on citizens’ political attitudes once the autocratic regime broke down. Using data of 1.3 million survey respondents from 71 countries and hierarchical age–period–cohort models, we estimate between and within cohort differences in citizens’ democratic support. We find that inclusionary regimes—with wider redistribution of socioeconomic and political benefits—leave a stronger antidemocratic legacy than exclusionary regimes on the political attitudes of their citizens. Similarly, citizens who were part of the winning group in an autocracy are more critical with democracy compared with citizens who were part of discriminated groups. This article contributes to our understanding about how autocracies affect the hearts and minds of ordinary citizens.
authoritarianism public goods micro-foundation inclusion exclusion cohort analysis political socialization