Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/222455
Authors: 
Neundorf, Anja
Gerschewski, Johannes
Olar, Roman-Gabriel
Year of Publication: 
2020
Citation: 
[Journal:] Comparative Political Studies [ISSN:] 1552-3829 [Publisher:] Sage [Place:] Thousand Oaks, CA [Volume:] 53 [Year:] 2020 [Issue:] 12 [Pages:] 1890-1925
Abstract: 
We propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary autocratic ruling strategies and develop novel theoretical propositions on the legacy that these strategies leave on citizens’ political attitudes once the autocratic regime broke down. Using data of 1.3 million survey respondents from 71 countries and hierarchical age–period–cohort models, we estimate between and within cohort differences in citizens’ democratic support. We find that inclusionary regimes—with wider redistribution of socioeconomic and political benefits—leave a stronger antidemocratic legacy than exclusionary regimes on the political attitudes of their citizens. Similarly, citizens who were part of the winning group in an autocracy are more critical with democracy compared with citizens who were part of discriminated groups. This article contributes to our understanding about how autocracies affect the hearts and minds of ordinary citizens.
Subjects: 
authoritarianism
public goods
micro-foundation
inclusion
exclusion
cohort analysis
political socialization
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Document Type: 
Article
Document Version: 
Published Version

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