Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/182517
Authors: 
Pavel, Tanvir
Hasan, Syed
Halim, Nafisa
Mozumder, Pallab
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper 255
Abstract: 
We analyse internal migration triggered by natural disasters in Bangladesh. We conducted a survey in nine coastal districts and two major cities in Bangladesh to investigate whether floods and cyclones, which can be considered as transient shocks, affect interregional migration differently compared to riverbank erosion that causes loss of lands and thus generates shocks that are permanent in nature. Our findings suggest that transient shocks induce households to move to nearby cities while permanent shocks push people to big cities with more opportunities. Comparing income and expenditure of migrants and non-migrant households, we find that the former group is better-off relative to their counterpart, indicating that welfare can be improved by facilitating migration. Rising exposure to climate change induced natural disasters around the world imply that our findings will be increasingly relevant for designing policies to address vulnerability, particularly for disaster prone countries with weak social safety nets.
Subjects: 
Climate change
Natural disaster
Coastal area
Permanent shock
Transient shocks
Internal migration
JEL: 
I38
Q54
Q56
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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