Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/171448
Authors: 
Cockx, Bart
Picchio, Matteo
Baert, Stijn
Year of Publication: 
2017
Series/Report no.: 
GLO Discussion Paper 148
Abstract: 
A dynamic discrete choice model is set up to estimate the effects of grade retention in high school, both in the short-run (end-of-year evaluation) and in the long-run (drop-out and delay). In contrast to other evaluation approaches, this model captures essential treatment heterogeneity and controls for grade-varying unobservable determinants. In addition, forced track downgrading is considered as an alternative remedial measure. Our results indicate that grade retention has a neutral effect on academic achievement in the short-run. In the long-run, grade retention, just like forced downgrading, has adverse effects on schooling outcomes and, more so, for less able pupils.
Subjects: 
Education
grade retention
track mobility
dynamic discrete choice models
heterogeneous treatment effects
JEL: 
C33
C35
I21
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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