Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98582
Authors: 
Woodbury, Stephen A.
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
Upjohn Institute Working Paper 14-208
Abstract: 
Unemployment insurance (UI) provides temporary income support to workers who have lost their jobs and are seeking reemployment. This paper reviews the origins of the federal-state UI system in the United States and outlines its principles and goals. It also describes the conditions for benefit eligibility, the benefits themselves, and their financing through the UI payroll tax. The UI system is complex and includes many interested parties, including employers, worker advocates, state UI administrators, and the federal government. These parties' differing views have led to controversies over benefit eligibility, adequacy, and whether the states or federal government should bear primary responsibility for UI. The Great Recession caused most states' UI trust funds to become insolvent and has led to renewed debate over the structure and financing of the system.
Subjects: 
Social insurance
unemployment
unemployment insurance
income support
federal-state relations
trust funds
trust fund insolvency
benefit adequacy
benefit eligibility
payroll tax
JEL: 
H1
H2
J65
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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