Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96904
Authors: 
Brakman, Steven
Garretsen, Harry
van Marrewijk, Charles
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 4724
Abstract: 
Using a rich data set on the EU regions, we analyze the relevance of two possible determinants of a region’s resilience to shocks, the degree of urbanization and specialization. We take the Great Recession, the economic and financial crisis that started in 2008, as our shock and then analyze how the NUTS II EU regions differ in their resilience to the crisis in terms of unemployment and real GDP per capita. In prior research it has been well established that (EU) regions differ in their resilience to shocks but it typically remains unclear as to why regions differ in this respect. For the 2008- 2012 period, we find that the degree and nature of regional urbanization and specialization are important drivers of the resilience of EU regions. More in particular, we find that that EU regions with a relatively large share of its population in commuting areas in combination with a specialization in medium high tech industries are relatively resilient, that is were less affected by the crisis, a result that suggests a relationship with international trade.
Subjects: 
resilience
shock sensitivity
urbanization
JEL: 
R11
R12
R15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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