Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/68127
Authors: 
Pacheco-López, Penélope
Thirlwall, Anthony P.
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Department of Economics Discussion Paper, University of Kent 04,03
Abstract: 
This paper examines the process of trade liberalisation in Mexico, particularly since the mid-1980s and the signing of the NAFTA agreement, and its impact on economic performance. The average growth of GDP of the Mexican economy since liberalisation has been only one-half the rate pre-liberalisation and we attribute this deteriorating performance to a rise in the income elasticity of demand for imports (partly associated with an increase in foreign direct investment with a high import content) which has not been compensated by a sufficiently fast growth of exports, leading to severe balance of payments difficulties. Mexican exchange rate policy has not helped the situation.
Subjects: 
Trade liberalisation
Economic growth
Balance of payments
Foreign direct investment
Mexico
NAFTA
JEL: 
C22
F13
F14
F32
F43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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