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Johansen, Søren
Ørregaard Nielsen, Morten
Year of Publication: 
Series/Report no.: 
Queen's Economics Department Working Paper 1244
We discuss the moment condition for the fractional functional central limit theorem (FCLT) for partial sums of x_{t}=Delta-d}u_{t}, where d in (-1/2,1/2) is the fractional integration parameter and u_{t} is weakly dependent. The classical condition is existence of q>max(2,(d+1/2)-1}) moments of the innovation sequence. When d is close to -1/2 this moment condition is very strong. Our main result is to show that under some relatively weak conditions on u_{t}, the existence of q>=max(2,(d+1/2)-1}) is in fact necessary for the FCLT for fractionally integrated processes and that q>max(2,(d+1/2)-1}) moments are necessary and sufficient for more general fractional processes. Davidson and de Jong (2000) presented a fractional FCLT where only q>2 finite moments are assumed, which is remarkable because it is the only FCLT where the moment condition has been weakened relative to the earlier condition. As a corollary to our main theorem we show that their moment condition is not sufficient.
fractional integration
functional central limit theorem
long memory
moment condition
necessary condition
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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