Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/54161
Authors: 
Arndt, Channing
Msangi, Siwa
Thurlow, James
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
Working paper // World Institute for Development Economics Research 2010,110
Abstract: 
Many low income countries in Africa are optimistic that producing biofuels domestically will not only reduce their dependence on imported fossil fuels, but also stimulate economic development, particularly in poorer rural areas. Skeptics, on the other hand, view biofuels as a threat to food security in the region and as a land-grabbing opportunity for foreign investors. As a result of this ongoing debate, national biofuels task forces have been asked to evaluate both the viability of domestic biofuels production and its broader implications for economic development. To guide these complex evaluations, this paper presents an analytical framework that prioritizes different aspects of a comprehensive national assessment and identifies suitable evaluation methods. The findings from recent assessments for Mozambique and Tanzania are used to illustrate the framework. While these two country studies found that biofuels investments could enhance development, their experiences highlight potential tradeoffs, especially at the macroeconomic and environmental levels, where further research is needed.
Subjects: 
biofuels
economic development
food security
poverty
Africa
JEL: 
Q56
Q42
O44
O55
ISBN: 
978-92-9230-348-8
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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