Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/223027
Authors: 
Dalgaard, Carl-Johan
Hansen, Casper Worm
Strulik, Holger
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
cege Discussion Papers 400
Abstract: 
The fetal origins hypothesis has received considerable empirical support, both within epidemiology and economics. The present study compares the ability of two rival theoretical frameworks in accounting for the kind of path dependence implied by the fetal origins hypothesis. We argue that while the conventional health capital model is irreconcilable with fetal origins of late-in-life health outcomes, the more recent health deficit model can generate shock amplification consistent with the hypothesis. In order to discuss human health over the life cycle from conception to death, we develop a theory of ontogenetic growth in utero and during childhood, unify it with the theory of adult aging, and discuss the transmission of early-life shocks to late-life health deficit accumulation.
Subjects: 
Fetal Origins
Health Capital
Health Deficits
Ontogenetic Growth
In Utero Development
JEL: 
I10
J13
D91
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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