Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/216382
Authors: 
Burdin, Gabriel
De Rosa, Mauricio
Vigorito, Andrea
Vilá, Joan
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 13070
Abstract: 
To contribute to the debate on the recent inequality fall in Latin America, we provide evidence on the primary income distribution in Uruguay for 2009-2016 and assess mobility patterns. Comparing household surveys micro-data and a unique array of matched personal-firm income tax records, we find that trends are sensitive to the data source and inequality measure. Gini and Theil indices decreased, with a milder fall in tax records than in household surveys. Whereas in tax records synthetic indices fell within the bottom 99% offsetting increased concentration at the top, in household surveys the largest reduction occurred at the top. In turn, tax records estimates of top 1% income shares remained steady at around 15%, but decreased in household surveys throughout the whole period. Moreover, top income positions were stable, with average persistence rates at the top 1% close to 80%. Meanwhile, the equalizing effect of income mobility was very modest.
Subjects: 
top incomes
income inequality
mobility
personal income taxation
tax records
Uruguay
JEL: 
D31
H24
O54
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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