Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/215007
Authors: 
Baskaran, Thushyanthan
Hessami, Zohal
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper No. 8005
Publisher: 
Center for Economic Studies and ifo Institute (CESifo), Munich
Abstract: 
While still far from parity, female representation in politics has continuously increased over the last two decades worldwide. In light of this development, we analyze whether higher female representation has substantive effects on policy choices using the example of child care – a public good arguably valued by women. We hand-collect micro-data for 224,448 candidates running in the local council elections of 2002, 2008 and 2014 across 1,632 municipalities in the German state of Bavaria. Exploiting an open-list electoral system, we run RDD regressions centered around mixed-gender races for the last council seat that accrues to a party. We find that a female victory in a mixed-gender race accelerates the expansion of public child care provision by 40%. Our main strategy to explore mechanisms uses information from hand-collected minutes of 7,721 monthly council meetings. We show that an additional woman changes "the conversation": female councilors speak up more often and child care is discussed more frequently in the council.
Subjects: 
female politicians
gender
political selection
child care provision
local councils
JEL: 
D72
D78
H70
J13
J16
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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