Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/214229
Authors: 
von Graevenitz, Kathrine
Rottner, Elisa
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers 20-008
Abstract: 
The manufacturing sector accounts for a substantial share of German GDP, employment and carbon emissions. Therefore, the manufacturing sector's energy use and carbon emissions are of crucial importance for reaching Germany's climate goals. In this paper, we analyse energy use patterns in German manufacturing between 2003 and 2014, using rich administrative micro-data. We find that although the manufacturing sector has been faced with rising energy costs as a share of total costs, energy use has not declined except briefly during the economic crisis. We also find that energy intensity in the manufacturing sector has not decreased substantially. In contrast, carbon intensity has fallen slightly between 2003 and 2014. This can be attributed to changes in the fuel mix.
Subjects: 
Energy use
Fuel mix
Energy intensity
Carbon emissions
Manufacturing
JEL: 
D22
L60
Q41
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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