Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/213518
Authors: 
Aksoy, Tolga
Manasse, Paolo
Year of Publication: 
2018
Series/Report no.: 
Quaderni - Working Paper DSE 1121
Abstract: 
The "great recession" has affected labor markets in Euro-area countries in very different ways. This chapter documents two important aspects of their response: the impact effect of the recession on the rate of unemployment, and the persistence of high unemployment. We find that countries lie on a trade-off between "resilience" and "persistence": countries where the rate of unemployment is less affected on impact by output shocks (resilience) typically show higher unemployment persistence. We investigate the role of labor and product market institutions, and find evidence that more protected markets are associated to more resilience at the expense of more persistence. This suggests that implementing front loaded "structural reforms" at times of a fiscal consolidation, as many Southern European countries did during the recent crisis, may foster the rise in unemployment and possibly undermine the political support for the reforms. When we estimate the contribution of product and labor market reforms to the rise of unemployment in Southern Europe, however, we find positive, but relatively small effects that are quickly reversed.
Subjects: 
Structural Reforms
Economic Crisis
Banking Crisis
Labor Market Reforms
Product Market Reforms
Banking Sector Reforms
JEL: 
E02
E65
Persistent Identifier of the first edition: 
Creative Commons License: 
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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