Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/202333
Authors: 
Axenbeck, Janna
Year of Publication: 
2019
Series/Report no.: 
ZEW Discussion Papers No. 19-033
Abstract: 
This paper investigates the effect of environmental innovations on firm profitability with respect to differences between small and medium-sized (SME) and large (LE) enterprises. Using data from the Mannheim Innovation Panel (MIP) 2015, results show that, in general, SME benefit more from environmental innovations than LE. This effect is particularly strong for resource efficiency-improving innovations induced by regulation. These environmental innovations are significantly related to an increase in profits of SME, whilst related to a decrease in profits of LE. A robustness check with data from the MIP 2009, however, does not confirm this result as the effect for LE is insignificant and differences between the two groups cannot be found in this survey wave. A reason why negative effects for LE are observed in the MIP 2015 - but not in the MIP 2009 - might be that most LE had already exploited the potentials of environmental innovations when they were surveyed in the MIP 2015. This is supported by evidence suggesting that size-related differences in the MIP 2015 are driven by a negative relationship between LE's profits and environmental innovations related to externalities that were reduced by innovations in periods before.
Subjects: 
Firm Behavior
Firm Size
Porter hypothesis
Environmental Technology Adaption
Technological Innovation
Environmental Regulation
JEL: 
D22
L25
Q52
Q55
Q58
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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