Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/149174
Authors: 
Bando, Rosangela
López Bóo, Florencia
Li, Xia
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 10315
Abstract: 
This study explores sex differences in language and socio-emotional skills on children 7 months to 6 years old in Latin-America. Females had a significant advantage in both dimensions. To our knowledge, this is the first study to document sex differences in these dimensions at a very young age. In part, we believe this is due to our uniquely large sample size. We found geographical and cultural variation across the countries under study did not affect the gap. Within countries, variation in family characteristics, parenting practices and health investments did not explain the gap. The identification of biological and environmental factors is necessary to inform whether policy should tailor inputs to ensure equality of opportunities.
Subjects: 
gender gaps
sex gaps
language
social skills
emotional skills
early childhood
JEL: 
I25
J13
J16
O15
Z13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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