Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/145087
Authors: 
Buettner, Thiess
Madzharova, Boryana
Year of Publication: 
2016
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 6052
Abstract: 
Using a panel of 97 mostly developing and transitional countries for the period 1990-2011, this paper explores fiscal implications of membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO). Em-ploying robust difference-in-difference specifications as well as semi-parametric methods, we find that countries joining the WTO experience a decline in revenues from import duties between 0.5% and 1% of GDP. Revenue losses from import duties are more than compensated for by an increase in consumption taxes. Although triggered by WTO accession, the shift towards consumption taxes, in particular to VAT, typically takes place before trade liberalization commitments result in declining tariff revenues.
Subjects: 
trade liberalization
tax reform
value added tax
GATT
WTO
anticipation effects
synthetic control group method
JEL: 
H20
F13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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