Discussion Paper Series, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics 588
In oligopoly, imitating the most successful competitor yields very competitive outcomes. This theoretical prediction has been conﬁrmed experimentally by a number of studies. A recent paper by Friedman et al. (2015) qualiﬁes those results in an interesting way: while they replicate the very competitive results for the ﬁrst 25 to 50 periods, they show that when using a much longer time horizon of 1200 periods, results slowly turn to more and more collusive outcomes. We replicate their result for duopolies. However, with 4 ﬁrms none of our oligopolies becomes permanently collusive. Instead, the average quantity always stays above the Cournot-Nash equilibrium quantity. Thus, it seems that "four remain many" even with 1200 periods.