Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/126531
Authors: 
Consoli, Davide
Roy, Ipsita
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
Jena Economic Research Papers 2015-017
Abstract: 
Building on the canonical model of skill-biased technical change to incorporate differential effects of technology and international trade on the skill composition of occupations, the paper employs a task-based approach to analyze structural changes in regional employment within a rich vocational education setting in West Germany during 1979 and 2012. Results confirm theoretical predictions that regional employment districts with high initial share of routine occupations have experienced greater subsequent adoption of computer and information technology and larger decline in routine occupations. Exposure to global imports in goods and services have reduced overall employment in routine-intensive occupations; the magnitude being notably smaller as compared to technology. However, when looking at the direction of displacement of routine-workers, regions with greater share of routine jobs have experienced greater growth of high-skilled abstract jobs in the subsequent periods while the overlap between initial apprenticeship intensity and subsequent decline in regional routine employment is significantly strong. Taken together, findings show that unlike in the U.S. where employment growth in low-skilled service occupations has been the greatest, in Germany there is a greater trend towards occupational upgrading and larger growth in managerial and professional occupations due to the operationalization of its apprenticeship system.
Subjects: 
apprenticeship
international trade
regional employment districts
skill-biased technical change
skill composition
task-based approach
technology
JEL: 
E24
F16
J21
J24
O33
R23
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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