Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/123162
Authors: 
Dreher, Axel
Langlotz, Sarah
Year of Publication: 
2015
Series/Report no.: 
CESifo Working Paper 5515
Abstract: 
We use an excludable instrument to test the effect of foreign aid on economic growth in a sample of 96 recipient countries over the 1974-2009 period. We interact donor government fractionalization with a recipient country’s probability of receiving aid. The results show that fractionalization increases donors’ aid budgets, representing the over-time variation of our instrument, while the probability of receiving aid introduces variation across recipient countries. Controlling for country- and period-specific effects that capture the levels of the interacted variables, the interaction provides a powerful and excludable instrument. Making use of the instrument, our results show no significant effect of aid on growth in the overall sample. We also investigate the effect of aid on consumption, savings, and investments, and split the sample according to the quality of economic policy, democracy, and the Cold War period. With the exception of the post-Cold War period (where abundant aid reduces growth), we find no significant effect of aid on growth in any of these sub-samples. None of the other outcomes are affected by aid.
Subjects: 
aid effectiveness
government fractionalization
economic growth
JEL: 
O19
O11
F35
F53
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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