Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market BWP - 2013/6
Sorting into public sector jobs may be motivated not only by the available income but also by other aspects, such as stronger demand for security or for social usefulness. The demand for larger job security - beside other factors - can be the consequence of family circumstances. We have identified several family conditions which increase the probability of sorting into the public sector: the case of single parents; long-term illness, which doesn't make it impossible to work; having a chronically ill child or pair; in case of women having a husband who previously experienced unemployment. In these cases the usual approach of risk-aversion in the literature is not really correct, optimizing family strategies would be much more accurate. In our paper we used volunteering as the proxy for direct social commitment. We show that this motive is important in case of employees working in human services (education, health and social care, culture, etc.); however it is absolutely missing in the public/government administration. The demand for redistribution can be another approach of social responsibility, connected to it through the aversion towards inequalities. The relatively higher demand for redistribution is characteristic only for employees working in the health and social care. We didn't restrict our analysis of volunteering and demand for redistribution to the sphere of employees, we tried to identify the main explanatory factors also for the whole population. Higher age, higher education, higher number of children (up to three), and the smaller settlement size increase the probability of volunteering. Higher income, higher education, higher number of children and the larger settlement size decrease the demand for redistribution, which - in average - is very high in Hungary.
public sector employment public-private wage differentials job security volunteering demand for redistribution subjective well-being