Diskussionsbeiträge: Serie II, Sonderforschungsbereich 178 "Internationalisierung der Wirtschaft", Universität Konstanz 138
This paper examines the possibility of a domestic producer evading taxes and duties by misstating the price of an imported intermediate good. In a qualitative response model it is shown that goverment's revenue maximizing behavior implies a detection function which depends positively on the amount of misdeclaration. As a consequence there exists, for every combination of (linear) import tariff and (linear) income tax, a unique declared price of the imported good which maximizes the expected (true, but not declared) profit. Whether under- or overdeclaration is optimal depends on the relative magnitudes of tax and tariff rates, whereas the amount of misdeclaration is determined by the specification of the detection function and the form of punishment.