Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98726
Authors: 
Boll, Christina
Leppin, Julian Sebastian
Schömann, Klaus
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 661
Abstract: 
Overeducation is an often overlooked facet of untapped human resources. But who is overeducated and why? Relying on SOEP data 1984 - 2011, we use probit models for estimating the likelihood of entering overeducation and dynamic mixed multinomial logit models with random effects addressing state dependence and unobserved heterogeneity. As further robustness checks we use three specifications of the target variable, i.e. realized matches, self-assessment and twofold overeducation. We run separate analyses for men and women, East and West Germans and medium and highly educated persons. We find that overeducation is mainly state dependent. Nonetheless, even in the dynamic context staying employed proves to be risk-decreasing. By contrast, scars of past unemployment show up in a higher mismatch risk. Moreover, an employer change does not serve as a suitable exit strategy, and a dual qualification does not show up as a valid insurance against graduates' job mismatch. Overall, effects largely depend on the operationalization of overeducation. We conclude that to combat overeducation, focusing on continuous employment careers and circumventing unintentional withdrawals from the current job is crucial. Moreover, institutional impediments that restrain job match quality for certain groups (migrants, mothers) have to be tackled.
Subjects: 
overeducation
dynamic mixed multinomial logit
probit model
mismatch
Germany
state dependence
JEL: 
J24
C25
C33
J71
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
889.13 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.