Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/98637
Authors: 
Dongrea, Ambrish
Year of Publication: 
2012
Series/Report no.: 
Working Papers, UC Santa Cruz Economics Department 707
Abstract: 
Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are an increasingly popular tool for incentivizing behavior. This paper evaluates impact of one of the largest CCTs in the world, Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) in India, on institutional deliveries. Maternal mortality is high in India and JSY aims to reduce it by encouraging institutional deliveries through provision of monetary incentives to women if they deliver in medical facilities, and to local community health workers if they facilitate such deliveries. Exploiting key differences in program design between the 'low performing' and the 'high performing' States, and utilizing successive rounds of a large national sample survey, this paper shows that institutional deliveries increased rapidly in the low performing States after the launch of the program, albeit with a lag. Pre-existing trends in institutional deliveries or improvement in availability or access to medical facilities do not explain these results.
Subjects: 
Janani Suraksha Yojana
maternal mortality
institutional delivery
conditional cash transfer
India
National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
JEL: 
I18
O15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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