Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/96682
Authors: 
Isphording, Ingo E.
Otten, Sebastian
Year of Publication: 
2014
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Paper 8090
Abstract: 
There are various degrees of similarity between the languages of different immigrants and the language of their destination country. This linguistic distance is an obstacle to the acquisition of a language, which leads to large differences in the attainments of the language skills necessary for economic and social integration in the destination country. This study aims at quantifying the influence of linguistic distance on the language acquisition of immigrants in the US and in Germany. Drawing from comparative linguistics, we derive a measure of linguistic distance based on the automatic comparison of pronunciations. We compare this measure with three other linguistic and non-linguistic approaches in explaining self-reported measures of language skills. We show that there is a strong initial disadvantage from the linguistic origin for language acquisition, while the effect on the steepness of assimilation patterns is ambiguous in Germany and the US.
Subjects: 
immigrants
language skills
linguistic distance
human capital
JEL: 
F22
J15
J24
J40
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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