Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/95474
Authors: 
Gärtner, Svenja
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
LIS Working Paper Series 586
Abstract: 
This article provides a comparative analysis of the development of the gender wage gap in West Germany and Sweden during the period 1960-2006. Despite the economic similarities including broad social safety nets, the gap has developed differently since 1960. This analysis accounts for micro- and macroeconomic factors and politics and concludes that norms and traditions penetrate institutional settings and ensnare Germany in a cultural trap with regard to gender equality. While Sweden has moved to a two-earner model, German society expects mothers to stay at home. The micro analysis shows that family concerns (e.g., marriage and motherhood) decrease female income in Germany to a far greater extent than do such factors in Sweden, which can be explained in part by deeply held social attitudes.
Subjects: 
culture
gender wage gap
Germany
Sweden
welfare state
JEL: 
N34
J16
I38
J31
Z1
Document Type: 
Working Paper
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