This paper is one of the first attempts to analyse empirically the human capital embodies in recent emigration flows from Romania. The analysis is pursued along two lines. Indices on the skill content of outflows are being constructed using an original data set derived from official administrative registers on Romanian emigrants. Indicators on the self-selection of labour migrants are presented by way of a simple human capital model. Data from two waves of the Romanian Integrated Household Survey - provided through the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) - were matched with German administrative data on employees recorded by the social insurance system (IABS).