ISER Discussion Paper, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University 863 The ISER-Moriguchi Prize Awarded Paper 15
We explore why authority within firms helps trading parties immediately settle ex post adaptation problems despite the possibility of a subordinate's disobedience to the orders of his boss. By employing three crucial behavioral assumptions (reference-dependent preference, self-serving bias, and shading), we point out that the choice of governance structure affects trading parties' expectations about outcome of ex post adaptations and show that a subordinate is likely to obey orders of his boss because he is expected to do so. Nevertheless, our study also points out that such a positive aspect of authority comes with subordinate's psychological disutility.
reference-dependent preference self-serving bias contracts as reference points transaction cost ex post adaptation