Have some European countries been more successful at employing disabled people than others? Answering this question requires data about disability that are comparable across countries. This paper investigates three possible sources of survey data. Altogether, the European Social Survey (ESS) appears to be the most suitable data source for comparing disabled people between European countries. Employment rates among disabled people vary a lot between these countries. This variation is investigated in relation to several country-level characteristics: the number of people reporting disability, employment rates among non-disabled people, general unemployment rates, some characteristics of disability policies as well as some general employment policies. It is difficult to explain why particular countries are more or less successful at employing disabled people.