Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/86950
Authors: 
Dijkgraaf, Elbert
van der Geest, Stephanie
Gradus, Raymond H.J.M
de Jong, Matthijs
Year of Publication: 
2009
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 08-109/3
Abstract: 
The literature suggests that competition among schools might increase quality. However, not much empirical evidence is present as only a few countries allow competition at a large scale. One exception is the Netherlands. Free parental choice is the leading principle of the Dutch education system since the beginning of the 20th century. Based on panel data for the Netherlands we show that there is a relation between competition and student achievement in upper secondary education, but that it is negative. In addition, private schools have higher quality levels.
Subjects: 
Education
competition
school choice
JEL: 
H70
I20
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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