Dijkgraaf, Elbert van der Geest, Stephanie Gradus, Raymond H.J.M de Jong, Matthijs
Year of Publication:
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper No. 08-109/3
The literature suggests that competition among schools might increase quality. However, not much empirical evidence is present as only a few countries allow competition at a large scale. One exception is the Netherlands. Free parental choice is the leading principle of the Dutch education system since the beginning of the 20th century. Based on panel data for the Netherlands we show that there is a relation between competition and student achievement in upper secondary education, but that it is negative. In addition, private schools have higher quality levels.