Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/86483
Authors: 
van de Poel, Ellen
O'Donnell, Owen
Doorslaer, Eddy Van
Year of Publication: 
2007
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 07-067/3
Abstract: 
The rural-urban gap in infant mortality rates is explained using a new decomposition method that permits identification of the ontribution of unobserved heterogeneity at the household and the community level. Using Demographic and Health Survey data for six Francophone countries in Western Sub-Saharan Africa, we find that differences in the distributions of factors that determine mortality – not differences in their effects – explain almost the entire gap. Higher infant mortality rates in rural areas mainly derive from the rural disadvantage in household level characteristics; both observed and unobserved, which explain three-quarters of the gap. Among the observed characteristics, household environmental factors—potable water, electricity and quality of housing materials—are the most important contributors explaining 38% of the gap. Unobserved household level determinants explain 10% of the gap. Community level determinants explain 13% of the gap, including 3% that is due to unobservable community level heterogeneity.
Subjects: 
Sub-Saharan Africa
rural-urban inequality
infant mortality
decomposition
unobserved heterogeneity
JEL: 
I12
I31
O53
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
421.81 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.