Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/86281
Authors: 
Mulder, Peter
de Groot, Henri L.F.
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 04-005/3
Abstract: 
This paper provides an empirical analysis of decoupling economic growth and energy use and its various determinants by exploring trends in energy- and labour productivity across 10 manufacturing sectors and 14 OECD countries for the period 1970-1997. We explicitly aim to trace back aggregate developments in the manufacturing sector to developments at the level of individual subsectors. A cross-country decomposition analysis reveals that in some countries structural changes contributed considerably to aggregate manufacturing energy-productivity growth and, hence, to decoupling, while in other countries they partly offset energy-efficiency improvements. In contrast, structural changes only play a minor role in explaining aggregate manufacturing labour-productivity developments. Furthermore, we find labour-productivity growth to be higher on average than energy-productivity growth. Over time, this bias towards labour-productivity growth is increasing in the aggregate manufacturing sector, while it is decreasing in most manufacturing subsectors.
Subjects: 
energy productivity
labour productivity
convergence
sectoral analysis
JEL: 
O13
O47
O5
Q43
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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