Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/83845
Authors: 
Aizenman, Joshua
Brooks, Eileen
Year of Publication: 
2005
Series/Report no.: 
Working Papers, UC Santa Cruz Economics Department 592
Abstract: 
This paper investigates changes in cultural consumption patterns for a low-concentration industry: wine and beer. Using data on 38 countries from 1963-2000, there is clear convergence in the consumption of wine relative to beer between 1963 and 2000. Convergence occurs even more quickly within groups of countries that have a higher degree of integration. A key prediction of international trade is confirmed in the data: greater trade integration weakens the association between production and consumption patterns
Subjects: 
convergence
globalization
trade and taste convergence
habit formation
although the relative consumption of wine can be explained well in 1963 by grape production and latitude, these variables are much less significant in 2000. Despite these “scientific” explanations for the consumption of wine, there is also a cultural angle to wine consumption. While the relative wine consumption of France and Germany is converging, several Latin American countries fail to converge. The patterns of convergence are consistent with dynamics of adjustment in an overlapping generation habit formation model.
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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