Working Paper, Department of Economics, Uppsala University 2007:2
This paper provides evidence on the long run relationship between European settlers presence and education levels in Algeria. To correct for endogenous sorting of settlers (and natives) into regions I rely on the fact that proximity to the Mediteranean coast determined the timing of conquest and therefore settlements size. The main finding indicates that the colonial policy of discrimination explains <p> a large fraction of the disparities in literacy across regions through 1998.However this effect declines significantly over time. I point out three factors that may explain this declining effect: (1) the massive funds allocated to the <p> education sector post-war; (2) the role of the market via migration; (3) social interaction effects whereby natives progressively adopted education and fertility norms of the settlers.
French rule Discrimination Education Social Interactions