Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/82651
Authors: 
Mörk, Eva
Ahlin, Åsa
Year of Publication: 
2007
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper, Department of Economics, Uppsala University 2007:9
Abstract: 
Sweden has undertaken major national reforms of its school sector which, consequently, has been classified as one of the most decentralized ones in the OECD. This paper investigates whether school resources became more unequally distributed across municipalities in connection with the reforms and if local tax base, grants, and preferences affected local school resources differently as decentralization took place. Using municipal data the paper studies how per pupil spending and the teacher-pupil ratio has evolved over the period 1989–2002, separating between three different waves of decentralization. As nothing much has happened with per pupil spending, the teacher-pupil ratio has become more evenly distributed across municipalities. Municipal tax base affects per pupil spending in the same way regardless of whether the school sector is centralized or decentralized, but has a smaller effect on teacher-pupil ratio after the reforms. The less targeted grants are, the fewer teachers per pupil do the municipalities employ. The results for local preferences are less clear cut.
Subjects: 
school resources
school finance reform
decentralization
grant reform
JEL: 
H40
H52
H70
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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