Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/73278
Authors: 
Schneider, Friedrich
Klinglmair, Robert
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper, Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University of Linz 0403
Abstract: 
Using various statistical procedures, estimates about the size of the shadow economy in 110 developing, transition and OECD countries are presented. The average size of the shadow economy (in percent of official GDP) over 1999-2000 in developing countries is 41%, in transition countries 38% and in OECD countries 18.0%. An increasing burden of taxation and social security contributions combined with rising state regulatory activities are the driving forces for the growth and size of the shadow economy. If the shadow economy increases by one percent the annual growth rate of the official GDP of a developing country (of a industrialized and/or transition country) decreases by 0.6% (increases by 0.8 and 1.0 respectively).
Subjects: 
shadow economy
interaction of the shadow economy with the official one
tax burden
JEL: 
O17
O5
D78
H2
H11
H26
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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