Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/71709
Authors: 
Gindling, Thomas
Trejos S., Juan Diego
Year of Publication: 
2013
Series/Report no.: 
Discussion Paper Series, Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit 7236
Abstract: 
We document changes in income and earnings inequality in the five Central American countries from the early 1990s to 2009. In the 1990s Costa Rica had the most equal distribution of income in Central America, and one of the most equal distributions of income in Latin America. At the other extreme, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua were among the most unequal countries in Latin America. Inequality in El Salvador was between these extremes. Then, in the first decade of the 21st century inequality in El Salvador and Nicaragua decreased while inequality in Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras increased. By 2009 levels of inequality in El Salvador and Nicaragua were similar to those in Costa Rica. In this paper, we examine why income and earning inequality differs between the five Central American countries, and why inequality decreased in El Salvador and Nicaragua but increased in Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras.
Subjects: 
income inequality
Central America
labour income
JEL: 
O15
J31
O54
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size
538.62 kB





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.