Browning, Martin Chiappori, Pierre Andre Lechene, Valérie
Year of Publication:
IFS Working Papers, Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) 07/03
We derive distributional e¤ects for a non-cooperative alternative to the unitary model of household behaviour. We consider the Nash equilibria of a voluntary contributions to public goods game. Our main result is that, in general, the two partners either choose to contribute to di¤erent public goods or they contribute to at most one common good. The former case corresponds to the separate spheres case of Lundberg and Pollak (1993). The second outcome yields (local) income pooling. A household will be in di¤erent regimes depending on the distribution of income within the household. Any bargaining model with this non-cooperative case as a breakdown point will inherit the local income pooling. We conclude that targeting bene.ts such as child bene.ts to one household member may not always have an e¤ect on outcomes.
Nash equilibrium Nash bargaining collective models intra-household allocation local income pooling separate spheres