Discussion paper // School of Economics, University of the Philippines 2007,04
This paper measures the degree of education inequality in the Philippines. It generates the average years of schooling (AYS) and education Gini coefficients of the Philippines as a whole, and all its regions and provinces to examine the economically-active population's level of educational attainment and the distribution of education. The paper finds that although inequality in educational attainment declined from 1960 to 2000 for the Philippines as a whole, and in all its regions and provinces, there are wide discrepancies in the educational performance of regions and provinces. Using decomposition analysis, it finds that poor provinces have greater education inequality than non-poor provinces and on the national level, women are facing a more equitable distribution of education than males. The regional and provincial data shows that the education Gini index is negatively associated to the average years of schooling and Gross Domestic Regional Product, but positively associated to the income Gini index, poverty incidence and poverty gap.