Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/35945
Authors: 
Batista, Cátia
Potin, Jacques
Year of Publication: 
2010
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers 4683
Abstract: 
How does factor accumulation affect the pattern of international specialization and returns to capital? We provide a new integrated treatment to this question using a panel of 44 developing and developed countries over the period 1976-2000. We confirm the Heckscher-Ohlin prediction that, with sufficient differences in country endowments, there is no factor price equalization and countries specialize in different subsets of goods. Innovatively, we obtain the returns to capital implied by this model: these are consistent with the Lucas paradox, which we explain after accounting for cross-country differences in the cost of capital goods. We also find that, along their development path, countries have often experienced structural change in the form of intra-industry specialization. Our findings are consistent with Ventura's hypothesis that growth can be promoted in this way through beating the curse of diminishing returns - indeed we find no decrease in the return to capital at any given capital-labor ratio despite capital accumulation by most countries within a cone of diversification.
Subjects: 
Economic growth and international trade
Heckscher-Ohlin
multiple cones of diversification
marginal product of capital
return to capital
Lucas paradox
specialization
JEL: 
F11
F21
O40
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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