Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/236227
Authors: 
Figlio, David N.
Giuliano, Paola
Marchingiglio, Riccardo
Özek, Umut
Sapienza, Paola
Year of Publication: 
2021
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion Papers No. 14196
Publisher: 
Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn
Abstract: 
We study the effect of exposure to immigrants on the educational outcomes of US-born students, using a unique dataset combining population-level birth and school records from Florida. This research question is complicated by substantial school selection of US-born students, especially among White and comparatively affluent students, in response to the presence of immigrant students in the school. We propose a new identification strategy to partial out the unobserved non-random selection into schools, and find that the presence of immigrant students has a positive effect on the academic achievement of US-born students, especially for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Moreover, the presence of immigrants does not affect negatively the performance of affluent US-born students, who typically show a higher academic achievement compared to immigrant students. We provide suggestive evidence on potential channels.
Subjects: 
immigrant students
educational attainment
JEL: 
I21
I24
J15
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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