Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/226812
Authors: 
Graeber, Daniel
Kritikos, Alexander
Seebauer, Johannes
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research No. 1108
Abstract: 
We investigate how the economic consequences of the pandemic, and of the governmentmandated measures to contain its spread, affected the self-employed relative to employed individuals in Germany and, secondly, to what extent the female self-employed were more strongly hit than their male counterparts. For our analysis, we use representative real-time survey data in which respondents were asked about their situation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings indicate that self-employed individuals were much more likely to suffer income losses than employees. Among the self-employed, women were 35% more likely to experience income losses than men, as women are disproportionately working in industries that are more severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. We conclude that future policy measures intended to mitigate such shocks should account for this variation in economic hardship.
Subjects: 
self-employed
COVID-19
income
gender
representative real-time surveydata
decomposition methods
JEL: 
L26
J16
J31
J71
I18
Document Type: 
Working Paper

Files in This Item:
File
Size





Items in EconStor are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.