Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/225067
Authors: 
El-Bialy, Nora
Fraile Aranda, Elisa
Nicklisch, Andreas
Saleh, Lamis
Voigt, Stefan
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
ILE Working Paper Series 40
Abstract: 
The civil war in Syria has been raging since 2011. We ask whether civil war experience affects voluntary cooperation and its coordination by means of peer punishment. To answer that question, we ran experiments with Syrians and Jordanians, and use a victimization index to measure the individual war exposure among Syrians. Despite being more trusting, severely victimized Syrians tend to be less cooperative when subsequent peer punishment is possible. Severely victimized participants punish whenever possible, not distinguishing between their opponent s decisions. Our findings show that experiencing extreme violence deteriorates the adequate use of sanctioning mechanisms.
Subjects: 
Civil war
Victimization
Trust
Cooperation
Punishment
JEL: 
C72
C93
D91
O15
Z13
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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