El-Bialy, Nora Fraile Aranda, Elisa Nicklisch, Andreas Saleh, Lamis Voigt, Stefan
Year of Publication:
ILE Working Paper Series 40
The civil war in Syria has been raging since 2011. We ask whether civil war experience affects voluntary cooperation and its coordination by means of peer punishment. To answer that question, we ran experiments with Syrians and Jordanians, and use a victimization index to measure the individual war exposure among Syrians. Despite being more trusting, severely victimized Syrians tend to be less cooperative when subsequent peer punishment is possible. Severely victimized participants punish whenever possible, not distinguishing between their opponent s decisions. Our findings show that experiencing extreme violence deteriorates the adequate use of sanctioning mechanisms.
Civil war Victimization Trust Cooperation Punishment