Manduca, Robert Hell, Maximilian Adermon, Adrian Blanden, Jo Bratberg, Espen Gielen, Anne C. van Kippersluis, Hans Lee, Keun Bok Machin, Stephen Munk, Martin D. Nybom, Martin Ostrovsky, Yuri Rahman, Sumaiya Sirniö, Outi
Year of Publication:
IZA Discussion Papers No. 13456
We compute rates of absolute upward income mobility for the 1960-1987 birth cohorts in eight countries in North America and Europe. Rates and trends in absolute mobility varied dramatically across countries during this period: the US and Canada saw upward mobility rates near 50% for recent cohorts, while countries like Norway and Finland saw sustained rates above 70%. Decomposition analysis suggests that differences in the marginal income distributions, especially the amount of cross-cohort income inequality, were the primary driver of differing mobility rates across countries. We also demonstrate that absolute mobility rates can be accurately estimated without linked parent-child data.
absolute intergenerational mobility income international comparison