Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/221829
Authors: 
Dünhaupt, Petra
Herr, Hansjörg
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper 143/2020
Abstract: 
The catching-up of countries in the Global South to productivity levels and living standards of the Global North is the exception. There are two main economic explanations for this. First, developing countries are pushed to low-tech-labor-intensive productions and tasks in global value chains. This offers some advantages, for example easier industrialisation, but also prevents upgrading. Foreign direct investment only partially helps to overcome this problem. Second, low trust in national currencies in the Global South leads to distorted financial markets which do not provide sufficient credit for investment. As part of needed industrial policy, national development banks can play a key role in triggering the economic catching-up of the Global South. They can alleviate distortions in the financial system and at the same time support the transformation of the economy towards higher productivity and ecological transformation. The German development bank KfW can serve as a useful example of an effective development bank.
Subjects: 
Trade Theory
Economic Development
Global Value Chains
Industrial Policy
Financial Systems
Dollarisation
Development Banks
JEL: 
E44
F10
F63
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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