The Postgraduate Research Programme working paper series / Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder), Graduiertenkolleg "Kapitalmärkte und Finanzwirtschaft im erweiterten Europa" 2005,10
We analyze the incentive mechanism of individual micro-lending contracts and we compare its key factors with those of joint-liability loan contracts. Using our data set, we firstly show that in the individual contract there are three elements, the demand for non-conventional collateral, a screening procedure which combines new with traditional elements, and dynamic incentives in combination with the termination threat in case of default, which ensure high repayment rates of up to 100%. We further show that the joint-liability approach may lead to similar repayment rates, however based on a different incentive system. We reveal that the target group which can be efficiently served by either one of the two mechanisms is different.