Schröder, Carsten Entringer, Theresa Margareta Goebel, Jan Grabka, Markus M. Graeber, Daniel Kroh, Martin Kröger, Hannes Kühne, Simon Liebig, Stefan Schupp, Jürgen Seebauer, Johannes Zinn, Sabine
Year of Publication:
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research No. 1083
Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW), Berlin
The corona pandemic and the political measures undertaken to contain it are changing the working conditions of many people in Germany. Based on data from the first tranche of a supplementary survey (SOEP-Cov) to the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP), this study analyzes the effects of the corona crisis on Germany's working population in 2019. In this paper, we investigate how severely people have been affected by the pandemic in three dimensions: individual level of education, gross individual earned income in 2019, and equivalent net household income in 2019. The key findings are that just under 20 percent of the working population are working reduced hours (on "short-time work"), and a good third are working partially or completely from home. Reported working hours have fallen by an average of four hours per week compared to the previous year. The extent to which working people have been affected by the corona crisis differs across the three dimensions. It is primarily those with higher incomes and a higher level of education who are using the opportunity to work from home, whereas those with a lower level of education are more likely to be on short-time work. Although most employees are not concerned about their own financial situation, they are concerned about the overall development of the German economy as of spring 2020.