Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/216823
Authors: 
Dünhaupt, Petra
Herr, Hansjörg
Mehl, Fabian
Teipen, Christina
Year of Publication: 
2020
Series/Report no.: 
Working Paper No. 140/2020
Abstract: 
In traditional trade theory, it is generally assumed that the development of export-oriented industries in the Global South can create the conditions for technological spillover effects, productivity increases and social welfare gains. However, based on the results of comparative case studies in four sectors (apparel, automotive, electronics and IT services) and six emerging and developing countries (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India, South Africa, Vietnam), successful economic integration into global value chains is not necessarily associated with better working conditions, nor with positive employment and welfare effects. It also becomes clear that the country-specific context of a particular industry plays a greater role in determining these effects than is often assumed. Here the decisive factors are in particular the national system of industrial relations and the power of trade unions. At the same time, it can be asserted from this study that without coherent industrial policy strategies it is not possible to realize the opportunities for development that arise as a product of deeper integration into the global economy.
Subjects: 
Trade Theory
Economic Development
Global Value Chains
EconomicUpgrading
Social Upgrading
JEL: 
F10
F63
O57
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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