Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/20729
Authors: 
Schneider, Friedrich G.
Year of Publication: 
2004
Series/Report no.: 
IZA Discussion paper series 1431
Abstract: 
Using the DYMIMIC approach, estimates of the shadow economy in 145 developing, transition, developed OECD countries, South Pacific islands and still communist countries are presented. The average size of the shadow economy (in percent of official GDP) over 2002/2003 in developing countries is 39.1%, in transition countries 40.1%, in OECD countries 16.3%, South Pacific islands 33.4% and 4 remaining Communist countries 21.8%. An increasing burden of taxation, high unemployment and low official GDP growth are the driving forces of the shadow economy.
Subjects: 
shadow economy
tax burden
government regulation
DYMIMIC method
JEL: 
H26
H2
H11
D78
O5
O17
Document Type: 
Working Paper

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